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Poddery - Diaspora, Matrix and XMPP

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Revision as of 14:54, 14 April 2017 by Pravs (talk | contribs) (restarting replication)
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We run a diaspora service at


We use diaspora-installer-mysql package from See /usr/share/doc/diaspora-common/README for package specific configuration.

System health check:

  • There should be a data disk attached (added from
  • The attached disk (/dev/nbd2) should be an lvm physical volume (pvcreate /dev/nbd2). We cannot use it directly for encryption, so we use lvm.
  • /dev/data is an lvm volume group created from /dev/nbd2 (vgcreate data /dev/nbd2).
  • /dev/data/diaspora is an lvm logical volume (lvcreate -n diaspora /dev/data -L 93.5G).
  • /dev/mapper/diaspora is an encrypted device (cryptsetup luksFormat /dev/data/diaspora; cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/data/diaspora diaspora)
  • /dev/mapper/diaspora is an ext4 file system (mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/diaspora)
  • /var/lib/diaspora should be mounted (mount /dev/mapper/diaspora /var/lib/diaspora)
  • all critical data should be on /var/lib/diaspora.
    • /etc/init.d/mysql stop; mv /var/lib/mysql /var/lib/diaspora; ln /var/lib/diaspora/mysql /var/lib/diaspora
    • mkdir /var/lib/diaspora/uploads; chown -R diaspora: /var/lib/diaspora/uploads;ln -s /var/lib/diaspora/uploads /usr/share/diaspora/public/uploads


Homepage and other static pages are maintained in our gitlab instance. You can change it directly in the master branch or send pull requests. You can edit it via web as well. repo is maintained as a sub module in repo. See this tutorial -> for working with git submodules.

SSL/TLS certificates

# letsencrypt certonly --webroot -w /usr/share/diaspora/public  -d -d -d -d -w /usr/share/diaspora/public/save -d
# cp  -L /etc/letsencrypt/live/ /etc/diaspora/ssl/
# cp -L /etc/letsencrypt/live/ /etc/diaspora/ssl/
# chown -R root:ssl-cert /etc/letsencrypt
# chmod g+r -R /etc/letsencrypt
# chmod g+x /etc/letsencrypt/*
# ls -l /etc/prosody/certs/
total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 40 Mar 28 01:16 -> /etc/letsencrypt/live/
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 33 Mar 28 01:16 -> /etc/letsencrypt/live/
# crontab -e
30 2 * * 1 letsencrypt renew  >> /var/log/le-renew.log
32 2 * * 1 /etc/init.d/nginx reload
34 2 * * 1 /etc/init.d/prosody reload


  • We use prosody and steps for setting up prosody is given at ->
  • We have enabled all XEPs conversations expect. We use sslh to multiplex diaspora and prosody on port 443.



  • loomio group - we use this for decision making.
  • We also have a LibreSignal group for quick collaboration.
  • Some of us also hangout at XMPP room of,


Email: poddery at (alias that reaches Akhilan, Abhijith Balan, Fayad, Balasankar, Julius, Praveen, Prasobh, Sruthi, Shirish, Vamsee and Manukrishnan)

The following people have their gpg keys in the password file.

Praveen Arimbrathodiyil (piratepin) (ID: 0xCE1F9C674512), Balasankar C (ID: 0x96EDAB9B2E6B7171), Manu Krishnan T V (ID: 0x5D0064186AF037D9), Fayad Fami (fayad) (ID: 0x51C954405D432381), Abhijith PA (ID: 0x863D4DF2ED9C28EF), Syam G Krishnan (sgk) (ID: 0x6EF48CCD865A1FFC), Sagar Ippalpalli (ID: 0xFD49D0BC6FEAECDA)

Server Access

Maintained in a private git repo at ->

Setting up Backup

Backup is setup on a Scaleway C1 VPS (4 core ARM processor with 2GB RAM)

Hostname (IP): (No public ip, access via web console). If you restart this machine, you may want to add private ip in /etc/hosts

# apt-get install lvm2 cryptsetup

Directly creating luks volume on /dev/nbd1 is not working, so we use a logical volume

# pvcreate /dev/nbd1
# vgcreate data /dev/nbd1
# lvcreate -n diaspora -L 46.5G /dev/data
# cryptsetup luksFormat /dev/data/diaspora
# cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/data/diaspora diaspora

and update /etc/crypttab

# <target name> <source device>         <key file>      <options>
diaspora /dev/data/diaspora none luks

# mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/diaspora
# mkdir /var/lib/diaspora

and update /etc/fstab

/dev/mapper/diaspora /var/lib/diaspora ext4 defaults 0 2
# mount -a
# apt-get install mysql-server

Move mysql data directory to encrypted volume

# /etc/init.d/mysql stop
# mv /var/lib/mysql /var/lib/diaspora/
# ln -s /var/lib/diaspora/mysql /var/lib/mysql

Follow steps in for replication

Follow steps in for ssl (but ssl support is disabled in debian)

Follow steps in to use ssh port forwarding to have encrypted replication

# adduser sshtunnel --disabled-login
# su sshtunnel

Generate ssh key pair and copy public key to target system

$ ssh-keygen -t rsa
$ ssh -f -L 7777: -N

Test the connectivity

# mysql -u poddery_backup -p -P 7777 -h

Uploads are rsynced every hour

# crontab -e
# m h  dom mon dow   command
0 * * * * pgrep rsync || rsync -av --delete /var/lib/diaspora/uploads/ >/var/lib/diaspora/rsync-uploads.log

Note: Since we are not using a public ip (saves us money), connects to via private ip. So if is rebooted, the new ip address should be updated in /etc/hosts file of To connect, use the web console from

Add more disk space

  1. Power off the machine with "ARCHIVE" option. It may take upto an hour for shutdown to complete on and
  2. Add more disk from control panel . Volumes -> CREATE VOLUME
  3. Attach the newly created volume to server from Server page
  4. Power on the server
  5. Create physical volume (pvcreate /dev/nbdN)
  6. Expand volume group (vgextend data /dev/nbdN)
  7. Expand logical volume (lvresize --size=186G data/diaspora)
  8. Expand encrypted partition (cryptsetup resize diaspora)
  9. Resize file system (resize2fs /dev/mapper/diaspora)

Maintenance history

This section holds maintenance/issue history for future tracking.

When updating diaspora-installer-mysql packages, remember to recreate /usr/share/diaspora/public/uploads symlink to /var/lib/diaspora/uploads.

1. Prosody error - Failed to load private key

certmanager error SSL/TLS: Failed to load '/etc/letsencrypt/live/': Previous error (see logs), or other system error. (for
tls error   Unable to initialize TLS: error loading private key (system lib)
certmanager error SSL/TLS: Failed to load '/etc/letsencrypt/live/': Check that the permissions allow Prosody to read this file.

This error is usually when ssl certificate in freshly installed or renewed. Prosody user is unable to access the key file due to lack of privileges.

Note that Poddery uses Letsencrypt for ssl.


  • Make sure that prosody user is in 'certs' group (this group may also be called ssl-certs as setup by Letencrypt)
  • /etc/letsencrypt/ is the ssl directory.
  • Prosody user should have permissions to all folders importantly archive and live folders in /etc/letsencrypt. Permissions to each folder must be 750.
  • Troubleshoot by checking if you can switch to each folder in /etc/letsencrypt as prosody user and cat the files.

If replication fails, you can restart it following the instructions here